Couples with severe male factor infertility are candidates for
the use of sperm from anonymous donors. Sperm donors undergo
extensive genetic and medical screening. They are also screened for
sexually transmitted diseases. The sperm samples are frozen and
quarantined for 6 months and the donor is retested for sexually
transmitted diseases. If he still tests negative, the sperm that
was frozen 6 months prior is released for use. No case of
infectious disease transmission has been reported with the use of
donor sperm screened in this manner.
The insemination is a simple procedure that is performed in the
office. We use sperm from several reputable commercial sperm banks.
We exclusively use sperm that has been prepared for intra-uterine
insemination (IUI ready sperm). After the sperm is thawed, it is
loaded in a small plastic catheter which is inserted into the
woman’s uterus. This is usually a painless procedure, although mild
uterine cramping occasionally occurs. There are no restrictions
after the insemination and the woman may immediately return to her
usual activities. Pregnancy does not always occur with the 1st
insemination and several cycles of inseminations may be required to
produce a pregnancy. Female factors, especially the age of the
woman, can affect the chance for success.
State laws may differ with respect to how they view offspring
conceived with the use of donor insemination. In Arkansas, after
written consent of a husband and a wife is obtained for performing
donor insemination, any resulting offspring are the legal children
of the couple with the same rights and responsibilities given to
Prior to starting donor inseminations, an office consultation
with one of our physicians is required. Some testing of the female
partner may be recommended prior to starting the inseminations. We
encourage you to visit the websites of the sperm banks we use.
Extensive donor profiles are available for your review. Once you
have had your initial evaluation with the physician and signed the
appropriate consents, you may order the sperm sample and have it
shipped to our office. We will store the specimen in our lab until
you are ready to use it.